One aspect that has a major impact in the progress of any nation is economic growth. Pushing for growth comes with its attendant problems, a major one being environmental unsustainability. The focus being on the comprehensive framework legislations, Nigeria’s approach in response to the problem of environmental unsustainability has been largely by adopting the command and control model which is essentially about the issuance of commands on the doing of an act or not to do an act as spelt out in the law and controls it through the means of licensing or issuance of permits, monitoring, inspection and enforcement. Others have been through the adoption of the instruments of environmental impact mandate, which regulates the environment on a different basis, not as a command, but as an instrument to provide information to aid decision making on environmental matters. While the command and control has shown nothing more than issuing commands with little commitment at controlling, the instruments of environmental impact mandate have not been participatory as intended. These legislations have been rather reactive than proactive. There is equally the problem associated with the constitutional limitation posed by section 20 CFRN 1999. Taking a view of what happens in select jurisdictions, it is considered that rights-based approach will chart a way forward for environmental management in Nigeria, which will place side by side peoples’ interest in developmental activities and growth. Specifically, the introduction of RTD in the constitution and comprehensive framework legislations, would integrate right to environment, in fact, all rights that will place the people at the centre of development that will ensure that environmental sustainability is achieved in light of economic growth.

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